Who wrote the Bible? Complete (but concise) list of Bible books and their authors

 

Since most books in the Bible were written anonymously (not uncommon in Biblical days), much of what we know for certain about the authorship comes from logical deduction.  What follows is the opinion of the majority of contemporary scholars along with the traditional views of authorship (both Jewish and Christian).

Date written are estimates only.

Hover over highlighted names for additional history and facts about the book.

Old Testament

Old Testament groups are not necessarily ordered chronologically (they are ordered more by “type”).

Pentateuch (Books of Moses) or Torah

Note that the last eight verses in Deuteronomy, which describe Moses’ death, were obviously written by another (unknown) author.  Also, some theorize that the Pentateuch does not have a single author and that its composition took place over centuries.

BookAuthorDate
Genesis (Book of Genesis)Moses1445 BC
Exodus (Book of Exodus)Moses1445 BC
Leviticus (Book of Leviticus)Moses1445 BC
Numbers (Book of Numbers)Moses1445 BC
Deuteronomy (Book of Deuteronomy)Moses1445 BC

The Books of History

Named “The Books of History” because they contain historical records.

BookAuthorDate
Joshua (Book of Joshua) Joshua, possibly Eleazar or Phinehas1405 BC
Judges (Book of Judges) Samuel1043 BC
Ruth (Book of Ruth)Anonymous or possibly Samuel1030 BC
1 SamuelSamuel, possible additions by prophets Gad and Nathan931 BC
2 SamuelSamuel, possible additions by prophets Gad and Nathan931 BC
1 KingsPossibly Jeremiah561 BC
2 KingsPossibly Jeremiah561 BC
1 ChroniclesAnonymous, possibly Ezra450 BC
2 ChroniclesAnonymous, possibly Ezra450 BC
EzraEzra457 BC
Nehemiah (Book of Nehemiah)Ezra or Nehemiah424 BC
Esther (Book of Esther)Anonymous or Mordecai, Possibly Nehemiah450 BC

The Books of Poetry or books of Writings

BookAuthorDate
Job (Book of Job)Anonymous, possibly Moses?
Psalms (Book of Psalms)Various:
David (73)
Asaph (12)
Sons of Korah (11)
Solomon (2)
Moses (1)
Ethan (1)
Hemen (1)
Unknown (50)
1410 BC
Proverbs (The Proverbs)Various
Solomon (29)
Agur (1)
Lemuel (1)
971 BC
EcclesiastesSolomon940 BC
Song of Songs (Song of Solomon)Solomon971 BC

Major Prophets

Named “Major Prophets” because the books are longer (not because they were more important)

BookAuthorDate
Isaiah (Book of the Prophet Isaiah)Isaiah700 BC
 Jeremiah (Book of Jeremiah)Jeremiah586 BC
Lamentations (Lamentations of Jeremiah or Book of Lamentations)Multiple anonymous authors, possibly Jeremiah586 BC
 Ezekiel (Book of Ezekiel)Ezekiel590 BC
Daniel (Book of Daniel)Daniel536 BC

Minor Prophets

Named “Minor Prophets” because they were shorter (not because they were less important)

BookAuthorDate
Hosea (Book of Hosea)Hosea750 BC
Joel (Book of Joel)Joel835 BC
Amos (Book of Amos)Amos750 BC
Obadiah (Book of Obadiah)Obadiah850 BC
Jonah (Book of Jonah)Jonah775 BC
Micah (Book of Micah)Micah735 BC
Nahum (Book of Nahum)Nahum650 BC
Habakkuk (Book of Habakkuk)Habakkuk615 BC
Zephaniah (Book of Zephaniah)Zephaniah635 BC
Haggai (Book of Haggai)Haggai520 BC
Zechariah (Book of Zechariah)Zechariah480 BC
Malachi (Book of Malachi)Malachi433 BC

New Testament

Gospels

BookAuthorDate
Matthew (Gospel according to Matthew)Matthew50 AD
Mark (Gospel according to Mark)Mark50 AD
Luke (Gospel according to Luke)Luke60 AD
John (Gospel according to John)John80 AD

History

BookAuthorDate
Acts (Acts of the Apostles)Luke62 AD
Romans (Epistle to the Romans)Paul56 AD
1 Corinthians (First Epistle to the Corinthians)Paul55 AD
2 Corinthians (Second Epistle to the Corinthians)Paul56 AD
Galatians (Epistle to the Galatians)Paul49 AD
Ephesians (Epistle to the Ephesians)Paul60 AD
Philippians (Epistle to the Philippians)Paul60 AD
Colossians (Epistle to the Colossians)Paul60 AD
1 Thessalonians (First Epistle to the Thessalonians)Paul51 AD
2 Thessalonians (Second Epistle to the Thessalonians)Paul52 AD
1 Timothy (First Epistle to Timothy)Paul62 AD
2 Timothy (Second Epistle to Timothy)Paul66 AD
Titus (Epistle to Titus)Paul62 AD
Philemon (Epistle to Philemon)Paul60 AD

General Epistles

BookAuthorDate
Hebrews (Epistle to the Hebrews)Unknown, possibly Paul, Mark, Apollos, or Priscilla67 AD
James (Epistle of James)James (brother of Jesus)44 AD
1 Peter (First Epistle of Peter)Peter64 AD
2 Peter (Second Epistle of Peter)Unknown, possibly Peter67 AD
1 John (First Epistle of John)John90 AD
2 John (Second Epistle of John)John90 AD
3 John (Third  Epistle of John)John90 AD
Jude (General Epistle of Jude)Jude68 AD

Prophecy

BookAuthorDate
Revelation (Book of Revelation)Likely John94 AD

Apocrypha

BookAuthorDate
1 Esdras (First Book of Esdras)
2 Esdras (Second Book of Esdras) 100 AD
Tobit200 BC
Judith150 BC
Additions to Esther (Rest of Esther)170 BC
Wisdom (Wisdom of Solomon)100 BC
Wisdom of Jesus the Son of Sirach (Ecclesiasticus) 200 BC
Baruch 150 BC
Song of the Three Children (Song of the Three Holy Children)
Story of Susanna (History of Susanna)
History of the Destruction of Bel and the Dragon (Bel and the Dragon)150 BC
Prayer of Manasseh
1 Maccabees (First Book of the Maccabees)100 BC
2 Maccabees (Second Book of the Maccabees)10 AD

 

 

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