Rameses II (variously also spelt Rameses or Ramses) was born in 1303 BC and died July or August 1213 BC. He reigned from 1279 BC to 1213 BC. He was also known as Ramesses the Great. He was the third pharaoh of the Nineteenth Dynasty of Egypt. He is often regarded as the greatest, most celebrated, and most powerful pharaoh of the New Kingdom. Ramesses II led several military expeditions into the Levant, reasserting Egyptian control over Canaan. he early part of his reign was focused on building cities, temples, and monuments. On his death, he was buried in a tomb in the Valley of the Kings; his body was later moved to a royal cache where it was discovered in 1881, and is now on display in the Egyptian Museum.