The Ninth Dynasty of ancient Egypt (Dynasty IX) is often combined with the 7th, 8th, 10th and early 11th Dynasties under the group title First Intermediate Period. The dynasty that seems to have supplanted the 8th Dynasty is extremely obscure. The takeover by the rulers of Herakleopolis was violent and is reflected in Manetho’s description of Achthoes, the founder of the dynasty, as ‘more terrible than his predecessors’, who ‘wrought evil things for those in all Egypt”.