The Negev is a desert region of southern Israel. The region’s largest city and capital is Beersheba. At its southern end is the Gulf of Aqaba and the resort city of Eilat. According to the Genesis, Abraham lived in Negev after being banished from Egypt. During the Exodus to the Promised Land, Moses sent scouts into the Negev to assess the land. Later the northern part of Negev was inhabited by the Tribe of Judah and the southern part by the Tribe of Simeon. The Negev was later part of the Kingdom of Solomon, and then, part of the Kingdom of Judah.