Archelaus was the son and principal successor to Herod the Great who granted him rule over Judea and Samaria. When Archelaus succeeded Herod, he first tried to gain the good graces of the Jewish people. He failed as the Jews revolted and Archelaus ordered his army to retaliate. Historical evidence shows that Archelaus encountered opposition from his brothers who felt they were entitled to the throne (particularly Antipas who was initially named successor to Herod until a few days before Herod’s death when he changed his mind and named Archelaus instead). His rule ended in 6 AD when Rome banished him to Gaul and added his territory to Syria.