Midianites are a clan name meaning “strife that descended from Midian.  They resided in the southeast Levant, the desert north of the peninsula of Arabia, are were characterized in the Old Testament as descendants of Midian, Abraham’s son by his second wife, Keturah.  They were virtually the rulers of Arabia, being the dominant tribe. Like all Arabians, they were a nomad people that early engaged in commercial pursuits.