Widely considered to be the cradle of civilization by the Western world, Mesopotamia (meaning “the country between two rivers, also known as Aram-naharaim) is the area of the Tigris–Euphrates river system that includes the city of Haran, corresponding to modern-day Iraq, Kuwait, the northeastern section of Syria and to a much lesser extent southeastern Turkey and smaller parts of southwestern Iran.  Later, Greek and Roman writers redefined the name to include a much wider area.