According to the Bible, Solomon’s Temple, also known as the First Temple, was the Holy Temple in ancient Jerusalem before its destruction by Nebuchadnezzar II after the Siege of Jerusalem of 587 BC and its subsequent replacement with the Second Temple in the 6th century BC. The temple was constructed under Solomon, king of the United Kingdom of Israel and Judah, and is said to have housed the Ark of the Covenant. Because of the religious sensitivities involved, and the politically volatile situation in Jerusalem, only limited archaeological surveys of the Temple Mount have been conducted. No archaeological excavations have been allowed on the Temple Mount during modern times.